Posts Tagged ‘Composting’

Composting – application – importance …

Composting process allows efficient circulation of organic matter, reducing waste quantities taken to landfills, creates natural fertilizer that could be used in the cultivation of healthier foods, and helps in achieving a significant economic effect – creation of new jobs.

The application of compost is helpful in more vays. Its most significant role is enriching the soil with organic matter, which represent food for living organisms, and increases its quality and stability. Compost feeds the plants, allowing ventilation of the soil, retains water, reduces erosion and provides an increased capacity to retain moisture. Because of all this, the compost should be applied whenever possible in orchards, gardens, nurseries, parks, green spaces, etc..

Why to do composting?

We save

–        Compost is a quality organic fertilizer which is totally free

We protect environment

–        By composting the amount of waste that ends up at landfills can be reduced by one third

–        It reduces the formation of methane which contributes to creating the greenhouse effect and contributes to climate change

–        It reduces pollution of groundwater by leaking of liquids from waste

–        Compost improves soil structure and prevents its drying

–        Compost reduces erosion of the land.

There is no waste separation in the Republic of Macedonia or such activities are in infancy, so all waste is taken to landfills. That is how large quantities of secondary raw materials are irreversibly destroyed, and uncontrolled decomposition of organic waste causes multiple harmful consequences. With the introduction of simple measures of separation and reuse of secondary raw materials, as well as composting of organic waste we may greatly contribute to the preservation of our small ecological oasis. Therefore we must all give support to the development and strengthening of the environmental consciousness of citizens, the application of existing legislation in the field of environmental protection, as well as strengthening the infrastructure.

Can we count on your involvement?

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Composting – biowaste – compost …

Organic waste – biowaste is actually kitchen waste. It represents one third of house waste and it is a valuable raw material for production of quality compost.

For the production of organic compost as raw material can be used fresh and dried remains of fruits and vegetables, egg shells, coffee sludge, tea filter bags, dead flowers (just not ones from the flower shop where pesticides are used in their plant), straw, mown grass before seaweed, leaves, wood, paper and cardboard that is not colored with artificial colors and does not contain lead, waste from production of beer wine etc. The diverse composition of the starting material, the compost is richer in nutrients.

In the production of compost should not be used:

–         Materials that can not be broken down naturally – plastics, glass, porcelain, wrought objects, paints, varnishes, machine oil and the like.

–         Diseased or plants that are attacked by pests

–         Lemon, orange or banana peеl

–         Feces of people, dogs and cats

–         Detergents and other hygiene

–         Seaweed weeds

–         Drugs and pesticide residues

Best results are got if biowaste is biologically processed in place of its occurrence. Such a procedure is called composting and means aerobic decomposition of biowaste, which creates: carbon dioxide, nitrogen, water, heat and compost as end product. The rate of decomposition depends on the chemical composition, primarily carbon versus nitrogen ratio, and the living conditions of organisms – heat, water, oxygen and pH. In other words, composting represents the enzymatic breakdown of organic matter. The enzymes produced by microorganisms are doing naturally.

In the last 10 years, many countries in Europe due to large amounts of organic waste, and because of its ease of conversion into humus, paid great attention to the composting process.

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